atp citrate lyase inhibitor drug

d Purity: 99.72% Clinical Data:No Development Reported Size: 10 mM × 1 mL, 5 mg, 10 mg SB 204990 Cat. NDI-091143 is a potent inhibitor of human ATP-citrate lyase(ACLY) with a Ki of 7.0 nM and an IC50 of 2.1 nM in the ADP-Glo assay. Liver-specific ATP-citrate lyase inhibition by bempedoic acid decreases LDL-C and attenuates atherosclerosis Stephen L. Pinkosky1,2, Roger S. Newton1, Emily A. Day2, Rebecca J. Ford2, Sarka Lhotak3, Richard C. Austin3, Carolyn M. Birch1, Brennan K. Smith2, Sergey Filippov1, Pieter H.E. Wei and colleagues (published online in Nature April 3, 2019) now report the full structure of human ACLY in complex with NDI-091143, revealing an appealing allosteric inhibition mechanism for this compound. Bempedoic acid (BA; ETC-1002) is a new agent that reduces cholesterol synthesis through inhibition of adenosine triphosphate citrate lyase, an enzyme upstream from 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A.In animal models, BA also influences fatty acid synthesis, but in humans, its role is limited primarily to lowering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). Emodin anthraquinones inhibited the enzymatic activity ATP-citrate lyase (ACL), a key player in cancer cell metabolism. Here, we demonstrate a novel function of the lipogenic enzyme, ATP citrate lyase (ACLY), in lipid metabolism in cancer cells. J Cell Physiol 2012; 227: 1709 – 20. ATP citrate lyase is an enzyme in the cholesterol–biosynthesis pathway located upstream of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl–coenzyme A reductase (HMGCR). ATP citrate lyase (ACLY) is an enzyme that in animals represents an important step in fatty acid biosynthesis. The acetyl-CoA product is crucial for fatty acid metabolism, cholesterol biosynthesis, and post-translational modification of proteins (acetylation and prenylaion). Acta Crystallogr Sect F Struct Biol Cryst Commun. Bempedoic Acid (ETC-1002): an Investigational Inhibitor of ATP Citrate Lyase. The activated substance inhibits ATP citrate lyase, which is involved in the liver's biosynthesis of cholesterol upstream of HMG-CoA reductase, the enzyme that is blocked by statins.. It is one of the major sources of cytosolic acetyl-CoA, and is a central metabolic enzyme. ATP citrate lyase inhibitors as novel cancer therapeutic agents. Sun T, Hayakawa K, Fraser ME: ADP-Mg2+ bound to the ATP-grasp domain of ATP-citrate lyase. BMS-303141 is a potent, cell-permeable inhibitor of ATP-citrate lyase (ACL) with IC50 of 0.13 μM. Answer: (a, b, c, and e). Author(s):Xu-Yu Zu, Qing-Hai Zhang, Jiang-Hua Liu, Ren-Xian Cao, Jing Zhong, Guang-Hui Yi, Zhi-Hua Quan and Giuseppe Pizzorno. [PubMed:22102020] Drug Relations Drug Relations ACLY depletion by small interfering RNAs caused growth suppression and/or apoptosis in a subset of cancer cell lines. novel bioactive compounds, analogs & targets. The active ingredient found in Nexletol is Bempedoic acid. Methods of treating individuals identified as having cancer using ATP citrate lyase inhibitor and/or tricarboxylate transporter inhibitor are disclosed. Bempedoic acid (ETC-1002), a novel therapeutic approach for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) lowering, inhibits ATP citrate lyase (ACL), an enzyme involved in fatty acid and cholesterol synthesis. It is an ATP Citrate Lyase (ACL) inhibitor. To date only partial X-ray structures of ACLY have been solved, thus limiting the design of novel inhibitors. Objective: Bempedoic acid (BemA; ETC-1002) is a novel drug that targets hepatic ATP-citrate lyase to reduce cholesterol biosynthesis. d. The recommended dose should be taken every 8 hours. By converting citrate to acetyl-CoA, the enzyme links carbohydrate metabolism, which yields citrate as an intermediate, with fatty acid biosynthesis, which consumes acetyl-CoA. Abstract ATP citrate lyase (ACLY), a key enzyme in the metabolic reprogramming of many cancers, is widely expressed in various mammalian tissues. VOLUME: 7 ISSUE: 2. Bempedoic acid is a prodrug.It is activated to the thioester with coenzyme A by the enzyme SLC27A2 in the liver. ATP-citrate lyase (ACLY) catalyzes the ATP-dependent conversion of citrate and CoA to oxaloacetate and acetyl-CoA. To investigate the effect of ACLY inhibition on lipid metabolism, metabolome and transcriptome analysis was performed. T3625 CAS 738606-46-7 . 2011 Oct 1;67(Pt 10):1168-72. doi: 10.1107/S1744309111028363. Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2016; 18(10):61 (ISSN: 1534-6242) Bilen O; Ballantyne CM. Lipids and fatty acids were found to be accumulated in different types of tumors, such as brain, breast, rectal and ovarian cancer, representing a great source of energy for cancer cell growth and metabolism. ATP-citrate lyase (ACL) is an extramitochondrial enzyme that is expressed in lipogenic tissues such as liver and adipose. BMS-303141 shows inhibition of total lipid syntheses with IC50 of 8 μM in HepG2 cells. Summary: ATP citrate lyase is the primary enzyme responsible for the synthesis of cytosolic acetyl-CoA in many tissues. ATP citrate lyase (ACL) catalyzes an ATP-dependent biosynthetic reaction which produces acetyl-coenzyme A and oxaloacetate from citrate and coenzyme A (CoA). No. It catalyzes the formation of acetyl-CoA and oxaloacetate from citrate and CoA with a concomitant hydrolysis of ATP to ADP and phosphate. Chemical inhibitors such as BMS-303141 is a potent, cell-permeable ATP-citrate lyase (ACL) inhibitor with an IC50 value of 0.13 μM. Methods of inducing apoptosis in cancer cells using an ATP citrate lyase inhibitor and/or tricarboxylate transporter inhibitor are disclosed. 1 Inhibition of ATP citrate lyase … Many tumors display a high rate of glucose utilization, as evidenced by 18-F-2-deoxyglucose PET imaging. Inhibition of lung cancer growth: ATP citrate lyase knockdown and statin treatment leads to dual blockade of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT pathways. • Lead compound 1d inhibited A549 lung cancer cell proliferation and reduced the stemness of A549 cells.. Docking suggested that anthraquinone inhibitors occupied an allosteric site adjacent to the citrate-binding domain of ACL. Rhee J(1), Solomon LA(1), DeKoter RP(2). Epub 2011 Sep 24. Bempedoic acid (ETC-1002), a novel therapeutic approach for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) lowering, inhibits ATP citrate lyase (ACL), an enzyme involved in fatty acid and cholesterol synthesis. Synonyms: ETC1002, ETC 1002, Bempedoic acid, ESP-55016. Studies were performed with recombinant human ACL to ascertain the nature of the catalytic phosphorylation that initiates the ACL reaction and the identity of the active site residues involved. Catalog No. ATP citrate lyase (ACLY) is an important enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of citrate to acetyl-CoA in normal cells, facilitating the de novo fatty acid synthesis. It can inhibit the growth and progression of prostate cancer cells and play a corresponding inhibitory effect in animal models. NDI-091143 is a potent and high-affinity human ATP-citrate lyase (ACLY) inhibitor with an IC50 of 2.1 nM (ADP-Glo assay), a Ki of 7.0 nM and a Kd of 2.2 nM. NONSTATIN DRUGS (E. DEGOMA, SECTION EDITOR) Bempedoic Acid (ETC-1002): an Investigational Inhibitor of ATP Citrate Lyase Ozlem Bilen1,3 & Christie M. Ballantyne1,2,3 # The Author(s) 2016. Title:ATP Citrate Lyase Inhibitors as Novel Cancer Therapeutic Agents. Purity 99.94% Datasheet. What’s more, small interfering RNAs have been used to down-regulate the expression of ATP citrate lyase. Although rodent studies suggested potential effects of ACL inhibition on both fatty acid and cholesterol synthesis, studies in humans show an effect only on cholesterol synthesis. Neuroscience ATP Citrate Lyase ETC-1002 ETC-1002. Recent Pat Anticancer Drug Discov. The enzyme is a tetramer (relative molecular weight approximately 440,000) of apparently identical subunits. 2012; 7(2):154-67 (ISSN: 2212-3970) Zu XY; Zhang QH; Liu JH; Cao RX; Zhong J; Yi GH; Quan ZH; Pizzorno G. ATP citrate lyase (ACL or ACLY) is an extra-mitochondrial enzyme widely distributed in various human and animal tissues. A role for ATP Citrate Lyase in cell cycle regulation during myeloid differentiation. Recent Patents on Anti-Cancer Drug Discovery publishes review articles on recent patents in the field of anti-cancer drug discovery e.g. e. Hyperuricemia and increased risk of tendon rupture or injury is reported side effect of the drug. ATP-citrate lyase (ACLY) is an enzyme that links glycolysis to lipid metabolism. One potential advantage of catabolizing glucose through glycolysis at a rate that exceeds bioenergetic need is that the growing cell can redirect the excess glycolytic end product pyruvate toward lipid synthesis. : HY-16450 SB 204990 is a potent and specific inhibitor of ATP citrate lyase (ACLY) enzyme. Keywords:ACL inhibitors, ATP … ATP-citrate lyase (ACLY) inhibitor with an IC 50 of 2.1 nM (ADP-Glo assay), a K of 7.0 nM and a i K of 2.2 nM. Affiliation:Director, Human Health and Environment Program, Desert Research Institute Summerlin, 10530 Discovery Drive, Las Vegas, NV 89135, USA. NDI-091143 inhibits ACLY catalysis allosterically, by stabilizing large conformational changes in the citrate domain that indirectly block the binding and recognition of citrate. 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